Blue Australorp Chickens: The Ultimate Breed Guide

The Blue Australorp, a striking chicken breed with deep blue feathers and a beetle-green sheen, is beloved by poultry enthusiasts worldwide.

Renowned for their impressive egg-laying abilities and sturdy mature male weight, they’re excellent for both meat and egg production.

Their blue plumage, accented with black feathers and white wing tips, adds visual appeal.

Adaptable and resilient, these birds thrive in various environments, although they’re not particularly cold-tolerant.

Their docile temperament, along with an impressive egg-laying record set by just six hens, make them a dual-purpose chicken ideal for any backyard or farm.

Key Takeaways

  • Breed Evolution: Dive deep into the intriguing history and origin of the majestic Blue Australorp Chickens. From their lineage timeline to how they became a distinct breed, this pillar post reveals it all.

  • Colorful Cluckers: Discover the stunning color variations of Blue Australorp Chickens. Our table will offer a visual treat that differentiates the subtle hues of Australorp eggs.

  • Egg-ceptional Producers: Unravel the secrets of the Blue Australorp’s impressive egg-laying abilities. Find out when these prolific layers start their production and the color of eggs they lay.

  • Health is Wealth: Gain valuable insights on potential health issues that Blue Australorp Chickens might face. Plus, learn essential preventative measures to ensure your flock stays in top condition.

  • Breed Comparison: Want to know how Blue Australorps stack up against other chicken breeds? This pillar post offers an informative comparison, shedding light on why the Blue Australorp might be the perfect addition to your coop.

History and Origin of Blue Australorp Chickens

  1. Origin: Blue Australorp chickens were developed in Australia, aiming to create a dual-purpose chicken for impressive egg production and meat purposes.

  2. Ancestry: The breed stems from the Australian Black Orpington, selectively bred for egg-laying abilities, leading to the name ‘Australorp,’ an abbreviation of ‘Australian Orpington.’

  3. Color Variation: The distinct blue coloration emerged from further selective breeding efforts. Initially black, blue and white varieties were introduced, with the blue chickens quickly gaining popularity.

  4. Global Recognition: In the 1920s, six Australorp hens set a world record by laying 1,857 eggs in 365 days, leading to global recognition and popularity.

  5. Present Day: Today, Blue Australorps are revered for their superior egg-laying abilities and are considered one of the best breeds in the poultry industry.

  6. Legacy: From Australia to urban backyards worldwide, Blue Australorps’ journey mirrors their beautiful blue plumage—fascinating and distinctive. They continue to be a testament to the power of selective breeding and performance emphasis.

Characteristics of Blue Australorp Chickens

The Blue Australorps are distinguished not only by their extraordinary egg-laying abilities, but also their unique physical traits and remarkable adaptability.

Let’s take a closer look at the characteristics that make these birds a preferred choice among poultry enthusiasts.

Physical Traits

  • Color and Appearance: Blue Australorps showcase a stunning deep blue plumage, which is a defining characteristic of this breed. The rich blue color of their feathers is often accentuated by a beetle green sheen under sunlight, making these chickens a sight to behold. Their black legs and single comb type further add to their unique physical appearance.

  • Size and Weight: Blue Australorps are medium to large-sized birds. A mature male typically weighs around 6-7 kilograms, while females tend to be slightly smaller, averaging around 4.5-5 kilograms.

  • Egg Characteristics: When it comes to egg production, Blue Australorps are in a league of their own. They lay a plentiful supply of light brown eggs, with an average hen laying upwards of 250 eggs annually.


Blue Australorps are known for their docile and friendly nature. These chickens are generally calm, making them a great fit for families with children.

They are also particularly patient and don’t mind being handled, a characteristic that often endears them to their owners.

More details about their temperament and behavior can be found in this section on ‘Temperament and behavior of a blue Australorp’.

Hardiness and Adaptability

Blue Australorps are impressively hardy and can adapt to a variety of climates and settings.

While they are not especially cold-tolerant, they have a reasonable level of cold tolerance and can withstand varying degrees of heat as well.

Compatibility and Suitability

These chickens are excellent for integration into mixed poultry flocks due to their peaceful nature.

They get along well with other chickens and breeds, making them a versatile addition to any backyard flock.

For first-time chicken owners, the Blue Australorp’s combination of hardiness, gentle temperament, and prolific egg-laying abilities make them a fantastic choice.

In conclusion, the Blue Australorp is an impressive breed that stands out for its blue plumage, docility, and remarkable adaptability.

Their compatibility with other poultry and suitability for novice owners further cements their status as one of the most favored breeds in the poultry world.

Color Variations of Blue Australorp Chickens

Color Variations of Blue Australorp Chickens

The captivating beauty of the Blue Australorp is largely due to its distinct blue coloration.

However, it’s intriguing to note that the blue in their name doesn’t always imply a homogenous blue hue.

In fact, the color of these chickens can present interesting variations owing to the complex play of genetics.

The Blue Color in Blue Australorps

The blue color in Blue Australorps is the result of a specific gene known as the ‘Blue gene.’

This gene dilutes the black color typically seen in Black Australorps, resulting in the slate blue color of the Blue Australorps.

This gene does not breed true, which means that when two Blue Australorps mate, they can produce chicks of various colors.

Australorp Color Variations

When breeding Blue Australorps, the resulting offspring can be of three potential colors: Blue, Black, or Splash.

The ‘Blue gene’ follows a simple Mendelian inheritance pattern, leading to these color variations within the same brood.

Here’s a table explaining the likely color outcomes when breeding Blue Australorps:

Parent Color 1Parent Color 2Possible Chick Colors
BlueBlue50% Blue, 25% Black, 25% Splash
BlueBlack50% Blue, 50% Black
BlueSplash50% Blue, 50% Splash
BlackBlack100% Black
BlackSplash100% Blue
SplashSplash100% Splash

The “Splash” color variation presents as a predominantly white bird with flecks of black and slate blue, making it quite a sight.

Just as their feathers can show a variety of hues, so can their egg colors. For more information, check out this article on the ‘Color of Australorp eggs’.

The Blue Australorp, with its deep blue feathers and genetic proclivity towards color variations, brings a touch of unpredictability to your backyard flock, further adding to the charm and fascination of raising these beautiful birds.

Blue Australorp Chickens: Egg Laying and Production

Blue Australorp Chickens are not just visually striking with their beautiful blue plumage but also stand as a powerhouse when it comes to egg production.

Let’s delve into why they are deemed one of the best egg layers in the poultry industry.

Prolific Egg Layers

Blue Australorps are known for their excellent egg-laying abilities. These industrious hens hold a world record for egg production: one hen laid 364 eggs in 365 days under official Australian test conditions.

This outstanding performance makes them a top choice for those interested in a steady supply of eggs.

Start of Laying and Peak Periods

Blue Australorps usually start laying eggs at around 22 to 24 weeks of age. The onset of laying can be influenced by factors such as diet, light exposure, and overall health.

Their peak laying period typically lasts until they are about 3 years old. To learn more about when Australorps start laying, check out this article on ‘When Australorps start laying’.

Egg Color, Size, and Quality

Blue Australorps lay large, light brown eggs. The eggs are not only impressive in size but also boast a strong shell and excellent flavor.

The hens lay consistently throughout the year, with minor reductions during extreme weather conditions or shorter daylight hours.

Factors Affecting Egg Laying

While Blue Australorps are strong layers, certain conditions can affect their egg production. These include their diet, stress levels, environmental changes, and health issues.

Providing them with a balanced diet, safe and spacious living conditions, and regular health check-ups can help maintain their high egg production.

Thus, whether you’re looking for a reliable egg-laying breed or a beautiful addition to your backyard, Blue Australorps, with their superior egg-laying prowess, could be an ideal choice.

Breeding Blue Australorp Chickens

Breeding Blue Australorp Chickens

Breeding Blue Australorp chickens can be a rewarding experience for any backyard poultry enthusiast.

This section will walk you through the entire process, from selecting a breeding pair to hatching the chicks.

1. Selecting the Breeding Pair

The first step in breeding Blue Australorps is to select a healthy, mature breeding pair. The chosen birds should be true representatives of the breed, demonstrating the physical characteristics of Blue Australorps, including their beautiful blue coloration, robust physique, and gentle temperament.

2. Housing and Care

Ensure that the selected pair has a comfortable and clean living space. The coop should be spacious enough for the pair to move around freely, and it should also have a safe, private nesting area for the hen.

Regular health checks and a balanced diet are essential to maintain the overall wellbeing of the birds, which will contribute to successful breeding.

3. Mating

Mating usually occurs naturally once you have a male and female together in a suitable environment.

However, the birds must be mature enough, generally around 6-7 months for hens and slightly older for roosters.

4. Egg Collection and Incubation

Once the hen starts laying, collect the eggs regularly for incubation. If you don’t have an incubator, you can encourage the hen to go broody and incubate the eggs herself. It typically takes about 21 days for the chicks to hatch.

5. Chick Rearing

Upon hatching, the chicks require a warm, safe environment and proper chick feed. They will begin to showcase their blue plumage as they grow.

Breeding Blue Australorps and the Outcome of Chicks: The blue color of Australorps follows the ‘Andalusian Blue’ genetic trait, meaning the chicks from two blue parents can be blue, black, or splash (primarily white with blue spots).

The genetic diversity adds an element of surprise to every hatch and does not affect their overall health or egg-laying abilities.

To learn more, here is an in-depth article on ‘Breeding blue Australorps’.

Keep in mind, breeding requires patience, care, and a bit of genetics know-how. But the joy of watching your Blue Australorp chicks hatch and grow is certainly worth the effort.

Blue Australorp Chickens: Caring Tips

Blue Australorps are hardy birds that adapt well to different environments, but like all chickens, they require proper care to stay healthy and productive.

Here is a brief guide on caring for your Blue Australorps:

1. Feeding

Blue Australorps require a balanced diet to ensure their health and maintain their egg-laying abilities.

Provide them with high-quality layer feed, rich in protein and other essential nutrients. Fresh water should always be accessible.

2. Housing

Provide a clean, safe, and spacious coop for your Australorps. Make sure it has enough nesting boxes for the hens to lay eggs.

The coop should protect them from predators and harsh weather conditions.

3. Daily Care

Daily care involves checking for any signs of illness or distress, maintaining a clean environment, and ensuring the chickens have enough food and water.

Regular health checks are crucial in detecting any potential health issues early on.

4. Environment

Australorps are known for their docile nature and usually get along with other chickens in a backyard flock.

However, they do need space to roam, so make sure your yard or run is spacious enough to prevent overcrowding and stress.

5. Specific Needs

One specific need for Blue Australorps is shade. Their black feathers can absorb heat, making them potentially susceptible to overheating in hot climates.

Therefore, ensure they have access to shady areas during peak summer months.

Proper care and attention to their specific needs are crucial for the health and productivity of your Blue Australorps.

For a comprehensive guide on taking care of your birds, refer to our ‘Detailed care guide for blue Australorps’.

Remember, healthy chickens are happy chickens, and happy chickens are productive chickens!

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Health Issues in Blue Australorp Chickens

Despite being relatively robust and hardy, Blue Australorps, like any chicken breed, can encounter certain health issues. It’s essential to recognize the symptoms early to provide proper treatment.

Health IssueSymptomsPreventionTreatment
Parasites (lice, mites)Irritation, loss of feathers, reduced egg productionRegularly clean and treat the coop and birdsUse approved pesticide products
Respiratory diseasesSneezing, coughing, difficulty breathingMaintain clean, ventilated coops; vaccinate when possibleConsult a vet; provide supportive care
Infectious CoryzaSwelling around the face, discharge from the nostrils, lethargyQuarantine new birds before introducing them to the flockAntibiotics prescribed by a vet
Egg BindingStruggling to lay an egg, lethargy, loss of appetiteProvide a diet rich in calcium and regularly let hens exerciseWarm baths, gentle massages; in severe cases, consult a vet

Please note that while this table covers some common health issues, it’s not exhaustive. Always consult a vet if you notice any unusual behavior or signs of illness in your chickens.

For more comprehensive information on health and health issues, check our guide on ‘Common health issues in blue Australorps’.

Comparing Blue Australorp with Other Breeds

Every chicken breed has unique characteristics that may make it more suitable for certain owners and environments.

Here’s a brief comparison of Blue Australorps with some similar breeds:

BreedEgg ProductionTemperamentClimate Tolerance
Blue AustralorpExcellent (250-300 eggs/year)DocileHigh heat, moderate cold tolerance
Rhode Island RedVery good (200-300 eggs/year)Active/energeticGood heat tolerance
White LeghornExcellent (280-320 eggs/year)Flighty, less friendlyGood heat tolerance

Blue Australorps stand out due to their excellent egg production and docile temperament, making them ideal for backyard flocks and novice owners.

However, like every breed, they have their pros and cons. For a comprehensive comparison, check our guide on ‘Blue Australorp vs. Other breeds’.


How does the egg size of Blue Australorp compare to the Rhode Island Red?

The Blue Australorp chickens are known to lay eggs that are slightly larger than medium-sized.

The brown egg size they produce is somewhat comparable to the Rhode Island Reds, another popular breed known for their egg-laying abilities.

However, the exact size can vary from hen to hen within the same breed.

Can Blue Australorps tolerate cold weather?

Blue Australorps are generally a hardy breed, but they are not especially cold tolerant.

In the winter months, they might require additional heat sources and proper housing to protect them from extreme cold weather conditions.

Despite this, they’re able to thrive in a variety of climates.

What makes Blue Australorps a rare breed in the American Poultry Association?

Blue Australorps, while popular in Australia, are not as commonly seen in America.

The American Poultry Association recognizes them, but they’re still considered a rare breed due to their relatively short existence and slow rate of growth when compared to breeds like the White Leghorn or Rhode Island Reds.

What makes Blue Australorps a good choice for dual-purpose chickens?

Blue Australorps are excellent dual purpose chickens, meaning they’re suitable for both egg production and meat.

They lay a high number of eggs per year, and their rapid growth and mature weight make them suitable for meat as well.

Their docile temperament and adaptability further add to their dual purpose appeal.

Do Blue Australorps come in other color varieties?

Yes, in addition to the stunning blue, Australorps are also available in black and white varieties.

The Black Australorp is one of the most common, while white and most blue varieties are rarer.

Their distinctive color points and single combs make them a visually appealing choice for poultry enthusiasts.

Final Thoughts

Blue Australorp Chickens, with their stunning blue plumage and beetle green sheen, are more than just a visual delight.

They offer practical advantages like high egg production, docile leg style, and hardy mature male weight. They’re capable of setting egg-laying competitions alight, with just six Australorp hens famously making a world record by laying a whopping 364 eggs each in one year.

However, like any other breed, they’re not without challenges. They have a relatively short existence and are not especially cold-tolerant, requiring clean heat tolerance. So if you live in colder climates, you might need to provide some additional care and comfort to your Blue Australorps.

Their status in the poultry industry might not be as honorary as the national bird, but for those who’ve had the chance to raise these birds in their backyard flock, they’ll undoubtedly agree that the beautiful Blue Australorp Chicken breed deserves a special place.

They might even be the perfect breed to start with if you’re new to the world of chickens.

Whether it’s the radiant blue varieties, their deep blue coloration, their compatibility with other animals, or the large light brown eggs they produce, Blue Australorps will prove to be an exceptional addition to any backyard, urban or rural.

So, if you’re contemplating adding these stunning birds to your flock, I’d say go for it! And for any further information, be sure to check out the other articles linked throughout this guide.

Here’s to you and your future Blue Australorp flock!

Joe Simpson

JOE SIMPSON - Chicken Care Nerd

Hello, I'm Joe Simpson. You might know me as the guy behind I'm just someone who loves chickens, has learned a thing or two about their care, and enjoys sharing that knowledge with humor and heart. Have questions or thoughts? Feel free to reach out via the 'Contact Us' page. We're all here to learn and laugh together!